Here’s a list of ten most common types of foot injuries, their causes, and how to treat them. 

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is described as the pain which occurs in the heel. It is worse in the morning because the tissues are stiff but gradually gets better with the day passing. Plantar Fasciitis can also be triggered by long walks and standing in the same position for long intervals of time. 

Causes:

Plantar Fasciitis is mostly caused by minor repeated injuries that are not healed. Lifting heavy burdens can also increase pressures on the heels and be a reason for plantar fasciitis. Another cause can be a lack of stretching and exercise. 

Treatment:

There are different treatments for Plantar Fasciitis. Anti-Inflammatory medicine can work for temporary relief. Whereas heel stretching exercises and icing the heels can also be helpful. In severe cases, steroid injections and surgical procedures to remove Plantar Fascia are also some options. 

Since it’s a condition with stiffed tissues, any treatment may take between 6 months to 2 years before showing improvement in the symptoms. 

Bunions

This is a condition when the joint on the base of our big toe becomes enlarged and makes the big toe to angle towards the second toe. Bunions are more common in women than in men. The Bunions that are occurred on the other side of the foot near the smallest toe are referred to as bunionette. 

Causes:

Bunions are mostly caused by wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow. Since women wear heels and shoes that are narrow from the front, they tend to get bunions more than men do. 

Treatment:

Bunions can be treated in different ways. At the early stage, wearing comfortable shoes with wider front can reduce the growth and keep it from future complications. Anti-Inflammatory drugs, resting the foot and icing it are also some of the effective options. 

On the later stages of bunions where it starts to cause severe pain, a surgery to remove the bumpy bone and realign the toe might be required. A cortisone shot at the base of the toe also helps.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle joints are connected to your feet and can twist easily if you land improperly or misjudge your steps. Usually, after this, the ankle becomes swollen and starts to hurt. This is a hint that you might have got an ankle sprain. It occurs when the foot and the ankle roll in opposite directions and hurt the ligaments inside the ankle.

Causes:

Ankle Sprains are mostly caused by twisting of the foot while working heavy tasks. Or while running and misjudging a step.

Treatment:

The initial treatments for an ankle sprain include the RICE method. 

I.e. Resting your feet, putting Ice on it after intervals of time to heal the swollen ankle. Compression of the ankle using bandage, casts or splints, and Elevating your ankle above your heart for some time every day. The RICE treatment helps to prevent the swelling and heals the ankle. 

In severe cases of sprains, surgery might also be needed to repair the ligament of the ankle or to stabilize a fracture.

Achilles Tendonitis

The band of tissues that connects calf muscles to our heel bones is known as Achilles Tendon. When this band of tissues gets inflamed, it leads to Achilles Tendonitis. It is a mild, consistent ache on the back of our calves above the heels. This condition is worsened over time so it needs to be treated as found. 

Causes:

Achilles Tendonitis can be caused with the change in activities. As one goes from resting all the time to running and playing, the Achilles Tendons get stressed and this leads to an injury in the tendon fibers. People who are affiliated to sports are more likely to get Achilles tendonitis. 

Treatment:

Achilles tendonitis is calmed and starts healing with resting your legs. Since it’s inflammation, putting ice on the spot after intervals of time also helps reduce the pain and soreness. NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs) are also used to get relief from pain in the early stages. 

In the severe cases, the Achilles Tendonitis can lead to tendon ruptures which requires a surgery to be treated. 

Heel Spurs

A heel spur is a bone condition in which an extension of the heel bone comes in front of the normal bone and extends into the tissue. It is an extra bone that causes pain when it comes in contact with the normal bones and the tissues. It can be seen with an X-ray as an extended bone in front of the heel.

Causes:

Heel spurs are mostly caused when a Plantar Fasciitis enters into a chronic condition. Another reason can be constant walking which tightens the ligaments and cause the bone spurs. People who have flat feet tend to have more heel spurs.

Treatment:

Since this is a condition that can be occurred in result of a Plantar Fasciitis, the treatment of plantar fasciitis might help heal it. Including more calf stretching exercises in your routine can also help get rid of a heel spur. 

The use of anti-inflammatory drugs and splints can also be an option for the treatment of heel spurs. In some rare cases, a steroid injection is also given in front of the heel.

So, if you are having any injuries on your feet you’re not sure about, let us help you. Call Shifa Rejuvenation Clinic for consultancy and right treatment at (051) 835-7790