What Are Musculoskeletal Disorders?

A musculoskeletal disorder is a condition in which the muscles, joints, bones, and tendons are not functioning properly. Common musculoskeletal disorders that can be seen in general practice include:

– Back pain 

– Neck, Shoulder, Foot, and Knee pain

– Hand and Wrist Problems


-Rheumatoid arthritis

-Rotator cuff tendinitis

-Plantar fasciitis


If you have any of these musculoskeletal disorders, it is important to seek treatment from a health professional. While there are many types of musculoskeletal disorders, they all cause discomfort and disability and can be debilitating. They often need to be treated with medication, physiotherapy, and stem cell therapy.

What is the cause of musculoskeletal disorders?

The cause of musculoskeletal disorders can vary from person to person. However, there are a number of factors that can contribute to musculoskeletal disorders. These include:

– repetitive or sustained movement 

– injury 

– poor posture 

– general health of the body 

How common are musculoskeletal disorders?

Musculoskeletal disorders can affect people of all ages but they are more likely to occur in older adults, particularly if they have a pre-existing medical condition such as arthritis or osteoporosis. Musculoskeletal disorders are widespread within our culture, though few people realize it. By the age of 60, about 40% of adults in Western countries have symptomatic lower back pain, and by 80 years of age, more than 90% suffer from some type of musculoskeletal condition. The incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in America is estimated at 64 cases per 1,000 people.

Factors Affecting these disorders?

Musculoskeletal disorders are caused by a range of factors from lifestyle-related diseases to injuries. These factors can affect your joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and other soft tissues. The result is often pain that can affect the quality of your life.

Common Types of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Some common types of musculoskeletal disorders include osteoarthritis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, and bursitis. Although it’s not always possible to treat musculoskeletal disorders, many of them can be treated and managed.

Common Treatments of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Medication and Lifestyle Changes

The most common treatment for musculoskeletal disorders is medication and lifestyle changes such as an exercise program. Other treatments include physical therapy, injections, and surgery. With more severe conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or fibromyalgia you can also try chiropractic treatments.

Some of the most common types of treatments for musculoskeletal disorders include:

Medication for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen are commonly used medications for musculoskeletal disorders. Examples of NSAIDs include ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and naproxen sodium. Acetaminophen is a medication commonly used to treat mild pain.

Steroids are often given for inflammatory diseases of the joint, or in cases where joint damage is severe or prolonged. Steroids reduce swelling and relieve pain within joints, but their effects only last a few weeks.  Many medications can cause side effects that include nausea, vomiting, headache, stomach ache, or skin reactions.

Physiotherapy for Treating Musculoskeletal Disorders

This helps your muscles, tendons, and ligaments move more easily and effectively. Your physiotherapist will design a program that is just right for you. This includes exercises and stretches to improve your mobility, relieve pain and remove any build-up of scar tissue in the area.

The physiotherapy treatment most commonly used to treat musculoskeletal disorders is called “an exercise-based approach”.

It involves:

Physiotherapy for Treating Neck and Upper Back Pain Treatment is also required in the case of musculoskeletal disorders in the neck and upper back. Related to this, physiotherapists may use:

Stretching Exercises – Stretches are an important part of your treatment plan. Stretching helps with stiffness and is also safe for you to do at home.

Your physiotherapist will give you instructions on how to correctly perform stretches for your condition, in order to increase your mobility.

Muscle Strengthening Exercises: In order to prevent the build-up of scar tissue, your physiotherapist may also encourage you to perform simple strengthening exercises. These will help to support and stabilize the affected area so that any existing or future damage can be limited.

Stem Cell Therapy for treating Musculoskeletal Disorders

Specific to musculoskeletal disorders, stem cells may be used for treating joint injuries, osteoarthritis (OA). Healthy joint tissue has stem cells present at the site of injury that respond by proliferating and differentiating into collagen fibers to repair damage caused by trauma. These progenitor cells are activated by cytokines, growth factors, and extracellular matrix.

This process is called tissue homeostasis which requires the correct balance between proliferation and differentiation to maintain healthy tissue architecture. However, in patients with musculoskeletal disorders, there may be disruptions to the homeostatic equilibrium of their tissues due to injury or aging that can manifest as tissue degeneration and loss of joint function. For example, OA is a degenerative joint disease caused by the progressive breakdown of articular cartilage in the joints due to wear and tear from daily activities. In cases where tissue homeostasis cannot be restored through restorative therapies such as physiotherapy or cortisone injections, stem cell therapy may be used as a treatment method to replace or regenerate damaged cartilage.

Stem Cell Clinic for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Through stem cell therapy patients with musculoskeletal disorders improve their joint range of motion, increase muscle strength and decrease pain, stiffness, and fatigue associated with osteoarthritis. Only you have to choose the right Stem Cell Therapy Clinic in Pakistan. We at Shifa Rejuvenation Clinic offer treatment for musculoskeletal disorders with umbilical cord stem cells at reasonable rates in Islamabad, Pakistan. Contact us today for more details.

Best medical decision I ever made! The stem cell procedure is quick, easy and has no recovery down time! Great alternative to surgery if that is an option.




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