Conditions » Diabetes
Diabetes symptoms causes and treatments
If you are newly diagnosed with diabetes or have been struggling with this disease for long, you are here going to learn about one of the best diabetes treatment. Three hundred seventy-one million population of the world is suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body’s blood glucose/blood sugar is too high (hyperglycemia). Insulin is the hormone that helps glucose from the food to be transported to the cells. Glucose is what the body uses for energy. When the body does not produce enough or any insulin at all, or your body becomes resistant to the insulin, the glucose does not reach your cells to be used for energy. This results in the health condition known as diabetes.
Common types of diabetes
There are two common types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, formerly known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body does not produce insulin because your body’s immune system attacks insulin-producing cells from the pancreas called beta cells. As a result, your pancreas stops making insulin. Without insulin, glucose can’t get into your cells, and your blood glucose rises above normal. People with type 1 diabetes condition need to take insulin every day.
Who can develop type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age. Often genetics is the leading cause of developing type1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
People who have type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin, and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. The patient’s body produces insulin but is unable to use it effectively. The body begins to accumulate sugar in the blood instead of using it as a fuel. In short, the body becomes insulin resistant. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with medication and a healthy lifestyle.
Who can develop type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 accounts for up to 95% of adults diagnosed with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can occur most often in people who are over 40 years or above but can occur even in childhood if there are risk factors present.
There are some other less common diabetes types are present in some patients like
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than average, but a person does not yet have diabetes. Pre-diabetes means your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose you with type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy when there is a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. Hormonal changes during pregnancy also affect the action of insulin, which brings about high blood glucose levels, thus the development of gestational diabetes. pregnant women with
- Over 35 years of age
- Suffering from PCOS
- Family history of diabetes
are mostly to develop gestational diabetes. These women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes has the following common traits. However, in type 2 diabetes, the warning signs of diabetes can be so mild that you don’t notice them quickly.
- Increased thirst and urination
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Unintended weight loss
- Sores that heal slowly
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (in type 2 diabetes)
- Dry mouth and itchy skin
Sometimes the symptoms are different from the genders. For example, women may get yeast infections and men may face erectile dysfunction.
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is a condition in diabetes when the patient’s glucose level in blood steeps down too low to fuel the body. Low blood sugar symptoms include:
- Cranky or impatient
- Weakness or feeling dizzy
- Tingly or numbness in your lips, tongue, or cheeks
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is a condition in which the patient’s glucose levels in the blood rise above the safe level, i.e. over 180 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl). The warning symptoms of hyperglycemia include:
- Heavy thirst
- Blurry vision
- Frequent urination
- Feeling hungry
- Numb or tingling feet
- Sugar in your urine
- Weight loss
Causes of Diabetes
For a better understanding of diabetes treatment, it is essential to detect the causes of diabetes. As discussed before, diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune condition that usually occurs in children or young adults. Many scientists claim genetics and environment that has exposed viruses trigger type 1 diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes is the standard type. Almost 95 % of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by some factors like:
If you are overweight, there is a fair chance you might fall prey to type 2 diabetes. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. Also, excess body fat like belly fat, may cause high blood sugar levels and heart diseases. There is a chance you could bring back your blood glucose to average level if you lose weight.
- Physical Inactivity
Doctors and physician today could not emphasize more on anything else other than physical activity. Almost every physical and mental disease is linked to being inactive. Same goes for diabetes; people who are physically inactive with dietary habits of high sugar content and carbohydrates are at risk.
Like type 1 diabetes, if any of your parents or siblings have diabetes, you are also at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Your genes may carry insulin resistance, and you may fall victim to type 2 diabetes.
- Dietary habits
People who are indulged in unhealthy food habits are at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Many people who have diabetic, close relatives are advised to cautiously monitor the intake of the sugary and high-fat content item. Promoting healthy eating habit can lead to diabetes management.
Diabetes being metabolic disorder requires management through lifestyle and exercising. The patients suffering from this ailment need to understand their blood sugar and maintain it to the level suggested by doctors. Also, the high proportion of carbohydrates and fruits with a high content of sugar is prohibited as the first step for diabetes treatment. Patients are also advised to cautiously monitor sugar levels by checking your blood sugar levels; you can track your body’s changing needs for insulin and work with your doctor to figure out the best insulin dosage. People with diabetes check their blood sugar up to several times a day with an instrument called a glucometer. The glucometer measures glucose levels in a sample of your blood dabbed on a strip of treated paper. Fasting and random sugar levels to maintain a healthy life and help physicians in diabetes treatment.
First and foremost, diabetes treatments is managing blood sugar levels by keeping the close watch and maintain it to the goal level set by your doctor. As symptoms of diabetes vary patient to patient, not all treatments fit all as well. However, if you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas no longer makes the insulin your body needs to use blood sugar for energy. You will need insulin in the form of injections or through use of a continuous pump.
In type 2 diabetes, the patient is instructed by the doctors to improve diet and exercise regularly. Often doctors prescribe a different set of drugs for type 2 diabetes. Sometimes patients have advised a combination of insulin and medicines to maintain their blood sugar levels.
Stem cell therapy for diabetes treatment
Stem cells have healing and developing characteristics. The stem cell technology has the potential to cure many diseases that have no cure in the past. Diabetes is a complex and diverse disease. One of the most promising strategies to cure diabetes is to transplant beta cells, which sense blood sugar levels and produce insulin to reduce them. Patients with type 1 diabetes would benefit because scientists successfully transformed stem cells into insulin-producing cells called beta cells in clinical trials. New beta cells would replace the ones you had lost to the disease. Type 2 patients could increase their body’s ability to produce insulin, lowering blood sugar levels and alleviating the need for injections. These new cells are more sensitive and secrete insulin that better corresponds to the glucose levels. Several types of stem cell-derived pancreatic cells have been proposed for transplantation into diabetic patients, including pancreatic progenitors and insulin-secreting cells.
Stem cells for the treatment of diabetes can come from a variety of sources. These include foetal tissue from:
- The placenta
- Umbilical cord
- Bone marrow
- Blood cells
Shifa rejuvenation clinic has set a goal to serve its patients with quality and advanced treatment. The stem cell therapy for diabetes treatment is ready to set a benchmark in Pakistan’s medical technology. Diverse stem cell models have been used for the successful cultivation of beta-cell, including embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and progenitor cells.
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