Kidney disease is a serious condition that can lead to many health problems. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of kidney disease and the causes of each type. We will also provide information on how to prevent kidney disease from developing. If you or someone you know is at risk for kidney disease, please read this post. In this article, we’ll discuss the different types and causes of kidney failure, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. We’ll also cover some common symptoms and treatment options.
What are Kidneys and their Function
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, just below the ribcage. They’re responsible for filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood and producing urine.
What is Kidney Disease
Kidney disease is a condition that causes the kidneys to stop functioning properly. There are many different types of kidney disease, each with its own unique causes and symptoms.
Types of Kidney Disease
There are several different types of kidney disease:
Acute Renal Failure: This occurs when the kidneys suddenly lose their ability to filter waste from the blood. Acute renal failure can be caused by a number of things, including infection, injury, or medication overdose.
Chronic Renal Failure: This is the most common type of kidney disease and occurs when the kidneys lose their ability to function properly over time. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases.
Glomerulonephritis: This is an inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys. It can be caused by infections, immune disorders, or injuries.
Polycystic Kidney Disease: This is a genetic disorder that causes enlarged kidneys with numerous cysts.
Urinary Tract Infections: These are infections of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, bladder, and ureters. They’re caused by bacteria or other organisms that enter the body through contaminated food or water.
Kidney Stones: These are hard deposits of minerals and salts that form in the urinary tract when there isn’t enough liquid to dilute them. They can be caused by dehydration or a high level of certain substances in urine (such as calcium).
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
There are many causes of kidney failure, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and glomerulonephritis. However, the most common causes of CKD are:
The first cause of kidney disease is Diabetes, diabetes causes high blood sugar that can damage the kidneys, over time. The body tries to remove excess glucose from urine by making more urine. This causes dehydration and electrolyte imbalance which causes kidney disease in diabetics.
Approximately 43% of people with diabetes develop chronic kidney disease. This is because chronically high blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys over time.
High Blood Pressure- Approximately 50% of people with hypertension (high blood pressure) also have CKD. This is because high blood pressure can damage the tiny filters in the kidneys, called glomeruli.
Chronic renal failure is most often caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, or an autoimmune disease. High blood pressure causes CKD because it makes your heart work harder than it should. This can damage your kidneys over time.
Glomerulonephritis- This is an inflammation of the glomeruli that can be caused by a variety of factors, such as infections or autoimmune diseases. Glomerulonephritis may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection, an immune disorder such as lupus, or an injury to the kidneys.
Urinary Tract Infections- Urinary tract infections are typically caused by bacteria that enter the body through contaminated food or water.
Kidney Stones- Kidney stones can be caused by dehydration from not drinking enough fluids, eating a diet high in salt and protein, or taking certain medications like ibuprofen.
Lupus Erythematosus- Lupus causes your immune system to attack healthy tissue in the body. The disease causes inflammation, which can lead to kidney damage over time.
Preventing Kidney Disease
The causes of kidney disease vary depending on its type. However, there are some steps you can take to prevent it from developing or getting worse:
Plenty of Water and Balanced Diet
Drink plenty of water and eat a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. This will help flush out toxins that could damage your kidneys over time. Drink water when you’re thirsty and try not to eat too much salt or protein.
Regular Checkups with Your Doctor or Dentist
Make sure you get regular checkups so any problems can be caught early. Also, see a dentist at least once every six months for a cleaning and exam. Bacteria from your mouth can enter the urinary tract and cause an infection.
Get Regular Exercise and Quit Smoking
Get regular exercise as well. It’s also important not to smoke cigarettes because they contain chemicals called tars which accumulate in the body and cause cancerous tumors to form inside organs like lungs or liver cells die off due to lack of oxygen supply caused by smoking these substances might then enter the bloodstream via blood vessels leading eventually reach kidneys where toxic waste products from metabolism will build up faster than usual causing problems such as high blood pressure, hypertension, diabetes, kidney failure.
Monitor Diabetes & Blood Pressure
Monitor your diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, and make lifestyle changes that can help reduce your risk.
Kidney Disease Diagnostic Tests
Kidney disease can be difficult to diagnose because the early signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. Your doctor will likely order a series of tests if he or she suspects you have kidney disease. The most common diagnostic tests for kidney disease include:
– Blood Test: A blood test can help your doctor determine how well your kidneys are functioning by measuring the levels of waste products, such as creatinine and urea nitrogen, in your blood.
– Urine Test: A urine test can help your doctor determine how much protein is escaping from your kidneys into your urine. Excess amounts of protein in the urine may indicate kidney disease.
– Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): GFR is a measure of how well your kidneys are filtering waste from your blood. A low GFR may be a sign of kidney disease.
– Kidney Biopsy: During this procedure, a doctor inserts a needle through the skin into the kidney to collect and examine small pieces of kidney tissue for signs of damage.
Traditional Treatments for Kidney Disease
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for kidney disease, but there are various treatments that may help control the condition. Treatment depends on the type and severity of kidney disease. Some common treatments include medications, dialysis, or a kidney transplant.
- Kidney disease is treated based on its type and causes.
- Acute renal failure is usually treated with fluids and medication to control the underlying causes.
- Chronic renal failure is typically treated with dialysis or a kidney transplant.
- Glomerulonephritis is usually treated with antibiotics to clear the infection, and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
- Polycystic kidney disease can be treated with medication and lifestyle changes to help prevent complications.
- Urinary tract infections are usually treated with antibiotics.
- Kidney stones are treated with pain relief and fluids and may require surgery to remove them.
- Lupus erythematosus is typically treated with medications to suppress the immune system.
Stem Cell Therapy as Potential Treatment for Kidney Diseases
Kidney diseases are a major global health problem, and the number of people with kidney disease is increasing every year. Although there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for kidney disease, various treatments are available that may help control the condition. One potential new treatment for kidney disease is stem cell therapy.
Stem cells are unspecialized cells that can become specialized cells in different parts of the body. For example, stem cells can be turned into red blood cells to carry oxygen or white blood cells to fight infection. Researchers have been studying whether stem cell therapy could be used to treat kidney diseases such as lupus erythematosus and polycystic kidney disease.
If you have any questions about kidney disease, please speak with your health care provider or consult with a well-known kidney treatment center in your area. There are also stem cell therapy centers that can be an effective option for you. Discuss symptoms, go for a diagnosis to analyze which treatment is a good fit for you.