STEM CELL BASICS
Stem Cell Basics
These daughter cells either become new stem cells (self-renewal) or become specialized cells (differentiation) with a more specific function, such as blood cells, brain cells, heart muscle or bone. No other cell in the body has the natural ability to generate new cell types.
ABOUT STEM CELL
Stem cells are the foundation of development in plants, animals and humans. In humans, there are many different types of stem cells that come from different places in the body or are formed at different times in our lives. These include embryonic stem cells that exist only at the earliest stages of development and various types of tissue-specific (or adult) stem cells that appear during fetal development and remain in our bodies throughout life.
Stem cells are defined by two characteristics:
- They can make copies of themselves, or self-renew
- They can differentiate, or develop, into more specialized cells
Beyond these two things, though, different types of stem cells differ a great deal in their behaviors and capabilities.
Types of Stem Cells:
- UMBILICAL CORD STEM CELL
The umbilical cord contains certain cells that can be found in bone marrow and help generate red blood cells and immune system cells. Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Injections have shown excellent results against many diseases including disc disease, joint arthritis, ligament injuries, spinal arthritis, and tendonitis.
- PLATELET RICH PLASMA
Plasma is a component of your blood that contains proteins and special factors that help clotting. Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP is a substance that helps promote healing when injected hence has shown great results when used for injuries or degenerative diseases. Shifa Rejuvenation is the only institute in Pakistan that provides PRP injections. These injections are verified by Drug Regulatory Authority Pakistan (DRAP) to provide quality treatment to patients.
- AMNIOTIC DERIVED STEM CELLS
Amniotic stem cells are those cells that are obtained from the amniotic fluid as well as the membrane. These types of cells can develop into various tissues including cartilage, cardiac tissue, muscle, nerves, bone and skin which is why it is a highly effective treatment for many diseases. Shifa Rejuvenation is the only institute in Pakistan that is providing and working with amniotic and umbilical materials. We only supply Amniotic Derived Stem Cells after getting them approved from the FDA to ensure quality treatment.
Types of Stem Cells:
UMBILICAL CORD STEM CELL
The Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Injections show excellent results against many diseases including disc disease, joint arthritis, ligament injuries, spinal arthritis, and tendonitis.
PLATELET RICH PLASMA
Shifa Rejuvenation is the only institute in Pakistan who is providing PRP injections. These injections are verified by (DRAP) to provide quality treatment to patients.
AMNIOTIC DERIVED STEM CELLS
Shifa Rejuvenation is the only institute in Pakistan who is providing Amniotic and Umbilical materials. We supply Amniotic Derived Stem Cells after approving them from FDA.
Cells in the human body
The human body comprises more than 200 types of cells, and every one of these cell types arises from the zygote, the single cell that forms when an egg is fertilized by a sperm. Within a few days, that single cell divides over and over again until it forms a blastocyst, a hollow ball of 150 to 200 cells that give rise to every single cell type a human body needs to survive, including the umbilical cord and the placenta that nourishes the developing fetus.
Basic Cells Biology
Each cell type has its own size and structure appropriate for its job. Skin cells, for example, are small and compact, while nerve cells that enable you to wiggle your toes have long, branching nerve fibers called axons that conduct electrical impulses.
Cells with similar functionality form tissues, and tissues organize to form organs. Each cell has its own job within the tissue in which it is found, and all of the cells in a tissue and organ work together to make sure the organ functions properly.
Regardless of their size or structure, all human cells start with these things in common:
- A nucleus that contains DNA, the genetic library for the entire body. Different cells read and carry out different instructions from the DNA, depending on what those cells are designed to do. Your DNA determines virtually everything about your body, from the color of your eyes to your blood type and even how susceptible you are to certain diseases. Some diseases and conditions, such as color blindness, also are passed down through DNA.
- Cytoplasm – the liquid outside the nucleus. The cytoplasm contains various components that make the materials that the cell needs to do its job.
- The cell membrane – the surface of the cell, a complex structure that sends
and receives signals from other cells and lets material in and out of the cell. Cells have to be able to communicate to work together in tissues and organs.
Most cells divide. Shortly before division, the DNA replicates and then the cell divides into twodaughtercells. Each has a complete copy of the original cell’s DNA, cytoplasm and cell membrane.
DR. DAVID GREENE
PK: (051) 835-7790
8:00am – 16:00pm
Monday to Friday
1st Floor Majeed Surgical Complex, Harley Street, Rawalpindi 46000